Since the India China Standoff, China has repeatedly used the phrase, ‘Learn lessons from 1962 defeat, stop clamoring for war’. However, India disregarded and wasn’t concerned at all.
The Video is recorded by an Indian Soldier during one of the faceoffs.
Let’s have a peek into the past like 1960’s, for what made India stand bravely against the Dragon.
After the catastrophe of 1962 Sino-Indian War, a standoff nothing like Doklam but far escalated ones only left humiliation to the Chinese leadership. The howl of China Army at Nathu La pass on 11th September of 1967 in Sikkim and Cho La on 1st October of the same year. An unanticipated slap to Chinese infantry and also to the chair of China. The momentum continued with morale at all time high also went to result in the formation of the Independent State of Bangladesh. Until then which was ruthlessly exploited by its evil Brother Pakistan.
Roughly 5 years after the war, It was July 1967. Sabu La(Indian Outpost) at Sikkim-Tibet border which lies a kilometer away from the bloody Nathu La pass. Sabu La dominated Nathu La by geographically being located on higher altitude with a perfect view of Chinese defense also called as Northers Shoulder. Nathu La (a mountain pass route at 4130 meters above sea level) is an important pass used as a trading route between Gangtok – Yatung – Lhasa.
In 1890 during the period of British ruled India. Her Majesty the Queen of United Kingdom and the Emperor of China signed an Anglo Chinese Convention. According to which India and Chinese boundaries well defined. But Chinese weren’t quite comfortable with Sikkim being Indian territory.
At the time of 1965 war between India and Pakistan. China has issued an ultimatum to back away from Jeep La and Nathu Laon Sikkim-Tibet border. And eventually, Jeep La was evacuated by Indian Army under Unnamed Command in General which has been taken over by China till date.
However, Nathu La which was under the command of Lieutenant General Sagat Singh declined to vacate. And it is The Nathu La pass where Chinese army stands only 30 meters away. The geographic advantage lies to the Indian side forces with clear insight into Chinese defenses, but China dint had much of an advantage.
During the clash, Nathu La was guarded by Two Infantry regiments under command of Lieutenant Colonel Rai Singh. Arguments have become a new normal shouting by standing apart only 1-2 meters away. However, the situation escalated to pushing and shoving on the 6th of September 1967 when the political head had broken his specs when shoved off by Indian Forces.
The Fateful Morning during India China Standoff
To dwindle the India China Standoff. The Indian Military hierarchy decided to lay a wire to separate the border and the work is set to commence on the early morning of September 11th, 1967.
The work began with soldiers and engineers along the borderline with Indian Forces on alert. Chinese political head with a group of infantry came to the pass and urged to stop wiring the border. And it turned into a scuffle, then Chinese went back to their bunkers and the Indian forces continued to lay the wiring.
Not more than a few minutes, followed by a whistle on the Chinese side. A fierce machine gun started firing from the north shoulder( Chinese side). The Indian Forces were bare without any cover and the forces suffered heavy causalities which included colonel Rai Singh. Then Captain Dagar and Major Harbhajan Singh along with few other troops tried to assault the Chinese MMG but both died as hero’s and were awarded for their bravery.
The 2 Grenadiers opened fire but weren’t very effective and within next 10 minutes, almost 70 casualties and many wounded were lying open. 30 minutes later the Chinese artillery came up to the pass as well as In-depth areas on the Indian Side. At the same time, the artillery observation teams got their permission which came little later. And the geographic advantage of Indian Outposts at Sebu La and Camels Back Outposts, Indian artillery fire was pretty effective. Most of the Chinese bunkers on North shoulder were brought down to ashes along with heavy casualties on Chinese side ( over 400).
And the fire was carried continuously for next 3 days which has taught China a lesson. China warned to cease fire which if not would AirForce. And by then the lesson already has been learned by the Chinese authorities and cease fire came in. The Chinese had pulled the dead bodies to their side of the border only during the night and indicted Indian forces for violating the border.
Every Battle has its Uniqueness blended with heroism and drama. When Captain Dagar and his Co were killed, the already demoralized artillery promoted Lieutenant Atar Singh as Captain on the spot.
The boldness of Indian Forces at that moment of India China Stand Off where Indian Artillery unwillingness to flicker only made the mighty Chinese dragon look ordinary.
Not enough lessons learned by China from India China Standoff
When everything was getting normal. On 1st October 1967, another India China Standoff happened at Cho La pass just a few kilometers away from Nathu La. Initial Casualties were reported on the Indian side. However, the Indian artillery opposed strongly and strained the Chinese troops and made them withdraw nearly 3 kilometers away and are still deployed till date. And the Indian forces now firmly hold the Cho La pass.
Despite everytime China lost artillery fire during the stand off’s. During the most recent India China Standoff at Doklam Plateau, China tried to bully India reminding the 1962 India China war.
In spite of that, just like it happened in the past, It happened now. The Chinese dragon in front of Indian Forces Stubbornness have been left with no choice but come down to hold talks and back away from constructing the road.